OTR Correll & Gosden (aka Sam 'n Henry) (aka Amos & Andy)
SAM 'N' HENRY, and later AMOS 'N' ANDY, was the start of radio serials.
It wasn't uncommon for real talent to leave a program and start a new show under a new name, leaving the station with the former program in name only.
This happened often, and it happened with one of the earliest, most popular and longest running radio programs, one that hit the air in 1926.
Charles Correll & Freeman Gosden had been working together since 1920 when they hit upon a great radio idea. Their first broadcast of "Sam 'n' Henry" was on Jan 12, 1926 at WGN Radio in Chicago.
A short period past 2 years later, just as Correll & Gosden were set to go national with "Sam 'n' Henry," the the radio station that owned the "Sam 'n' Henry" name, refused to allow C&G to use the name.
Correll & Gosden solved the problem by leaving the afore-mentioned station & gave their fellas new names. "Amos 'n' Andy" debuted on Chicago's WMAQ radio in Chicago on Mar 19, 1928 and Correll & Gosden never looked back!
WMAQ was to become the Chicago outlet for CBS. Aug 19, 1929, "Amos 'n' Andy" moved to 11:00 pm on NBC-Red, with Pepsodent as their Sponsor.
The final "Amos 'n' Andy" episode aired November 25, 1960 as The Amos & Andy Music Hall.
otr * def gp ddh
January 22, 2011
RE: lonelee1 review - Gosden and Correll recorded some of their Sam 'n' Henry
Dear lonelee1: Thank you for this great review which you have given for current and future generation Gosden and Correll fans.
Your information is priceless, and I'm positive it will be downloaded many many times, by many, many more G&C fans. * def gp
January 22, 2011
Gosden and Correll recorded some of their Sam 'n' Henry routines for Victor Records (rewritten and shortened to about 3 minutes)(sam n henry wiki)
as far as i know this is as close as we've yet come to hearing what otr 1926 sounded like(anyone who has links to other ultra-early otr please put them here)
here's full information on exactly where these wonderful recordings come from (info courtesy of this archival sounds site)
CORRELL & GOSDEN
SAM & HENRY
Early Amos 'N' Andy
Thanks to Lowell who provided the information on Correll & Gosden's
Prior to the creation of Amos and Andy, Charles Correll and Freeman Gosden developed and performed the characters "Sam 'n' Henry" between January 12, 1926 and August 19, 1929. Because of prior contractual arrangements, WGN in Chicago would not let Correll & Gosden use the names "Sam 'n' Henry" when Correll & Gosden began broadcasting nationally. The solution? The characters "Sam 'n' Henry" changed their names to "Amos 'n' Andy", changed their original homes from Birmingham, Alabama to Atlanta, Georgia, and transferred membership from the "Jewels of the Crown" lodge to the "Mystic Knights of the Sea". Both duos went to Chicago, but Amos and Andy eventually came to reside in New York. And by the way, the Fresh Air Taxicab company was first formed in Chicago as well. Very little of Correll & Gosden's work prior to Amos 'n' Andy exists today. However, they did record some performances as Sam 'n' Henry for Victor Records as well as some musical arrangements. Two books were also published, "Sam 'n' Henry" and "Here they are = Amos 'n' Andy" which relate adventurous accounts of the lives of both duos.
Victor Discography Of Correll and Gosden
Date - Master/Take Title Location/Issue
Dec 20 1925 - Correll and Gosden - vocal duets (Chicago)
34058-2 Blinky Moon Bay Unissued
34059-2 The Kinky Kids' Parade Unissued
Mar 02 1926 - Correll and Gosden - vocal duets (Chicago)
34578-5 All I Want To Do 19986
34579-5 Let's Talk About My Sweetie 19986
Apr 20 1926 - Sam 'n' Henry - humorous dialogue (New York)
35328-3 Sam 'Phoning His Sweetheart Liza In Birmingham 20032
35329-2 At The Dentist 20032
35330-3 At The Shooting Gallery Unissued
May 26 1926 - Correll and Gosden - vocal duets (Chicago)
35056-3 Roundabout Way To Heaven 20088
35057-3 That's Why I Love You 20088
35058-3 Where's You Get Those Eyes Unissued
35059-3 Georgianna 20107
35060-2 When The Red, Red Robin Comes Bob-Bob-Bobbin' Along Unissued
May 27 1926 - Sam 'n' Henry - humorous dialogue (Chicago)
35066-2 Sam's Speech At The Colored Lodge 20093
35067-2 Sam 'n' Henry Buying Insurance 20375
35068-3 Sam 'n' Henry Rollin' The Bones 20375
May 28 1926 - Sam 'n' Henry - humorous dialogue (Chicago)
35073-3 Sam 'n' Henry At The Fortune Teller's 20093
Sep 25 1926 - Correll and Gosden - vocal duets (Chicago - Webster Hotel)
36406-4 Meadow Lark 20286
36407-2 Just A Bird's-Eye View Of My Old Kentucky Home Unissued
Sep 29 1926 - Correll and Gosden - vocal duets (Chicago - Webster Hotel)
36432-3 I Never Knew What The Moonlight Could Do 20324
36433-3 Elsie Schultz-en-Heim 20255
36434-3 I Just Wanna Be Known As Susie's Feller 20255
36435-3 Kiss Your Little Baby Goodnight 20286
Oct 07 1926 - Sam 'n' Henry - humorous dialogue (Chicago - Webster Hotel)
36448-2 Sam 'n' Henry In Court (Violating Traffic Regulations) Unissued
36449-2 Sam 'n' Henry Driving In Traffic Unissued
Jul 06 1927 - Correll and Gosden - vocal duets (Chicago)
39084-3 Gorgeous 20826
39085-3 No Wonder I'm Happy 20908
39086-2 Somebody And Me 20908
39087-3 Who Is Your Who 20826
Jul 06 1927 - Sam 'n' Henry - humorous dialogue (Chicago)
39088-3 Playing Poker Unissued
39089-2 Explaining Expenses Unissued
Jul 07 1927 - Sam 'n' Henry - humorous dialogue (Chicago)
39092-2 The Morning After The Night Before - Part 1 20788
39093-2 The Morning After The Night Before - Part 2 20788
Dec 04 1927 - Correll and Gosden - vocal duets (Chicago)
41312-3 Changes Unissued
41313-3 What'll You Do 21143
41314-3 Oh! Look At That Baby 21143
41315-3 Liza Unissued
Dec 08 1927 - Sam 'n' Henry - humorous dialogues (Chicago)
41347-3 The Doctor Calls On Sam Unissued
41348-2 Henry Talks To Sam On Business Unissued
Jul 17 1928 - Amos 'n' Andy - humorous dialogue (Chicago)
46424-2 Is Everybody In Your Family As Dumb As You Is - Part 1 22119
46425-1 Is Everybody In Your Family As Dumb As You Is - Part 2 22119
46426-2 The Presidential Election - Part 1 21608
46427-2 The Presidential Election - Part 2 21608
Nov 22 1929 - Amos 'n' Andy - humorous dialogue (Chicago)
57444-2 At The Bullfight 22234
57445-2 The Dairy 22234
Apr 04 1930 - Amos 'n' Andy - humorous dialogue (Chicago)
59915-2 I'se Regusted (Take Off That Shoe) 22393
59916-3 Check And Double Check 22393
The source for this info is a long out of print copy of Brian Rust's "The Victor Master Book - Vol. 2", 1969.
Note that the take numbers show only the highest take made at a session, not necessarily the take chosen for issue. The take number may be determined by holding the record as you would when reading the label and looking for a small one or two digit number in the "wax" between the label and the grooves at the 9 o'clock position.
The master numbers for Apr 20 1926 may seem out of order from the rest but that is because that session took place in New York and that studio was using a different log book than was being used in Chicago.
Concerning the mention to the Webster Hotel in a couple of these sessions: It was common in those days for record companies to use Hotel ballrooms or other similiar locations for recording as these generally had good acoustics and in these early days of electrical recording the record companies had not yet built their own studios in many locations. These are not "live" recordings.
Unissued means that that selection has not been issued by Victor although sometimes these things show up on a pirate issue. And of course they may no longer exist or they may be sitting in Victors vaults. The titles may differ also. Titles sometines get changed between recording and production.